16 September 2009

Scandal: William Randolph Hearst & Marion Davies

By Lorelie Brown

A lot of things have been said about William Randolph Hearst. He was the inspiration for Orson Welles' Citizen Kane, so that ought to tell you something. He was maniacal, driven, ruthless, and quite a bit shady--and by all appearances, he was also in love with one woman for a huge portion of his life.

William Randolph Hearst

Only problem? That woman was not his wife, Millicent, whom he married in 1903. Whoops.

Marion Davies*

Hearst's long-time "companion" was Marion Davies, a very beautiful show girl and movie star. Hearst and Davies met in 1918, and she was very shortly starring in a movie backed by Hearst money (she'd been in two others already). It was the beginning of a long, long pattern. Hearst so believed in his girlfriend that he backed picture after picture for her, and pushed reviewers at his many newspapers to sing her praises. The bummer is that he probably did more harm than good for Davies. For one thing, he liked her in big, dramatic historical pieces, when her talent was really comedy. Yeah, way to be tuned in to your girl, dude.

Between Davies filming an average of three movies a year, and Hearst's incessant publicity blitzes, they held court at San Simeon, also known as Hearst Castle. It's a 60,000 square foot mansion, yo! 60K! I can't even wrap my head around that, personally. And that's just the main building--including three quest houses it's more than 90 THOUSAND square feet. Fifty-six bedrooms. I don't think I even have 56 pairs of socks.

Hooch flowed freely at San Simeon (but drinking to insensibility was not tolerated), and Davies and Hearst hosted a crush of parties, with the guest lists consisting of a who's-who in Hollywood--Clark Gable, Cary Grant, Jean Harlow. Seen a movie from the 20s or 30s? The actors were probably guests at San Simeon at some point. Marion and Hearst supposedly had a child, Patricia Van Cleve, who was raised as Marion's "niece" for most of her life.

Patricia Van Cleve Lake

Despite his apparent devotion for Davies, Hearst never divorced his wife. He ostensibly considered it at various points, but decided it was "cheaper to keep her." Despite all this drama, the biggest scandal Marion and Hearst were involved in was by far the Thomas Ince Affair. (No, no, I didn't say Thomas Crown Affair!)

Thomas Ince

The details of Thomas Ince's death are clouded in mystery. Here's what's acknowledged as fact: On November 16, 1924, Ince joined Hearst and Davies aboard the yacht, The Oneida. Among the guests were Louella Parsons and Charlie Chaplin. On November 19th, Ince left the Oneida in physical distress.

Marion Davies waving hello to Thomas Ince from the deck of the Oneida.

The official story, put out by Hearst's considerable media empire and concurred with by a District Attorney who interviewed exactly one person, is that Ince left the yacht suffering from acute indigestion and subsequently died of a heart attack. (He did have a history of ulcers and other health issues.)

There seem to be as many unofficial stories as there were mouths on that boat. Hearst caught Davies and Chaplin "in an intimate embrace" (I've always wondered--does that mean kissing, or some bow-chicka-wow-wow?) and Ince was caught in the crossfire when yelling and shouting drew attention. Hearst walked in on Ince and Davies in a dark room and simply assumed the other man was Chaplin. Ince caught a stray bullet that went through a wall.

Did ya notice that in every story where the gunman's identified, it's Hearst? Veeeerrrrrry curious.....

In drama that seems to be unrelated (but it's hard to tell in this mess), Abigail Kinsolving, Davies's secretary, claimed that Ince raped her but made no connection to his later death. Kinsolving had a baby a few months later, and after that died under suspicious circumstances, so it's hard to tell if that's truth or she was grabbing a dead man as a fall guy.

After 85 years, and the deaths of all the major players, it's a sure bet no one will ever truly solve the mystery of Ince's death. The incident didn't seem to affect Davies and Hearst's relationship in any way. They remained involved for more than 30 years, until Hearst's death in 1951. Just ten weeks after his death, Davies finally married someone--Horace Brown, who many said bore a striking resemblance to a younger Hearst.

* The very super gorgeous colorized picture of Marion Davies is courtesy of Kevin Scrantz. I stumbled across his blog, Claroscureaux, when looking for the pictures, and if you're at all interested in old movies you really need to give it a peek. A lot of the colorizations I've seen have been quite garish, but Kevin has a deft touch.


Molly said...

Fascinating, thank you.

WRH and Marion were mentioned in Commander in Chief (thanksgiving episode), and your blog turned up when i searched. Keep up the good work.

Angel Leigh said...

A very interesting film, "The Cats Meow," is well worth watching. It is said to be the most accurate retelling of the events surrounding the death of Tom Ince.

Vince M said...

Thank you for your story. I hope those intrigued by this history may also be interested in a short clip (free on YouTube); featuring an historical montage dedicated to the Thomas Ince scandal and a seance performed on behalf of the talented film maker inside his now infamous haunted studio mansion; built circa 1918.

ad72b8a4-3b1a-11e5-b598-bb67659bb7e8 said...

I don't believe that Hearst killed Ince thinking it was Chaplin because Chaplin and Marion kept on openly seeing each other (socially) about town and at the Beach House and the Castle ... with WR ... as if nothing had happened ... and there are pictures. Personally, I'm not sure I would be anywhere near WR if someone had died in my place because of him.

Vince M said...

You may be correct about your observations on CC and Marion. However I must offer that whoever it was that made contact with us in Ince's mansion did respond affirmative to the question of murder and what occurred in the boardroom when we approached the subject of "who done it" was quite strange. If not shot by WRH could Abigail have had motive to kill Ince's?

If indeed TI was murdered by WRH, could the behavior of Charlie and Marion, after the death, be explained as intentional? They knew the public and investigators would certainly be watching. Also WRH was a most brilliant man and particularly acquainted with control of public perception; he was after all a media mogul; in fact many on board the Onedia that night well understood the power of reports via gossip and the media. Had there been a pact-of-silence, on behalf of Hearst, surely he would have been knowledgeable enough to advise all, including CC, against suspicious changes in well established behavior.

Brent Tenn said...

Thank you for writing this article. Was there anyone else besides Marion Davies? I visited the Hearst Castle today, and there were naked statues everywhere - very nice to look at. I find it hard to believe that a man constantly being reminded of the naked female figure wouldn't be wanting to have "relations" with every nice woman on his property.

Brent Tenn said...

Thank you for writing this article. Was there anyone else besides Marion Davies? I visited the Hearst Castle today, and there were naked statues everywhere - very nice to look at. I find it hard to believe that a man constantly being reminded of the naked female figure wouldn't be wanting to have "relations" with every nice woman on his property.

owen harris said...

hearst bought marion a 1941 convertible jaguar which my grand father bought and I have. I was looking for info on that car or at least pics of it to show my kids and can't . anybody have a clue where to look